A quick trip through the history of Marrakech, Morocco
Marrakech is a city located in central Morocco, inland, at the foot of the High Atlas Mountains. It is also called the “red city” or the “ocher city” in reference to the red color of a large part of its buildings and houses. The city was founded in 1071 by Youssef ben Tachfine, at the head of the Berber Empire of the Almoravids. In the past, Morocco was known in the East as Marrakech (still relevant in Iran); the name Morocco comes from the deformation of the Portuguese pronunciation of Marrakech: Marrocos.
Founded in 1070-1072 by the Almoravids (1056-1147), capital of the Almohads (1147-1269), Marrakech was for a long time a major political, economic and cultural center of the Muslim West, reigning over North Africa and Andalusia.
Marrakech is home to an impressive number of masterpieces of architecture and art (ramparts and monumental gates, Koutoubia mosque, Saadian tombs, ruins of the Badiâ palace, Bahia palace, basin and pavilion Menara), each of which could justify, alone, recognition of the Outstanding Universal Value.
Marrakech, which gave its name to the Moroccan Empire, is the completed example of a large Islamic capital of the Mediterranean West. In the 700 hectares of the Medina, the ancient habitat, which has become vulnerable due to the demographic evolution, represents, with its maze of alleys, its houses, its souks, its fondouks, its traditional craft and commercial activities, an eminent example of a living historic city.
The Magnificent monuments of the Medina of Marrakech include the Koutoubia mosque, whose incomparable 77-meter minaret, an essential monument of Muslim architecture, is one of the great landmarks of the urban landscape and the very symbol of the City, the Kasbah , the ramparts, the monumental doors, and the gardens. Later, the city will welcome other wonders, such as the Badiâ palace, the Ben Youssef madrasa, the Saadian tombs, the Bahia palace, Jamaa El Fna, and large mansions.