Everything you need to know about the Moroccan traditional music
Discovering Moroccan music is another reason to take a trip to Morocco. Musical traditions are indeed very diverse and important part of the ancient culture of this country.
Berbers are the ancient people of Morocco. They developed, especially in the countryside, a very original musical style. This Morocco music varies according to the region concerned. The singers are accompanied by traditional instruments, such as the rebab, a kind of hurdy-gurdy, or the lotar, which resembles the lute. The songs are always accompanied by dances, where men and women perform ritual gestures, arms and legs, and foot beat, punctuated by music.
Imported into North Africa by the Arabs expelled from Spain, from the 11th century, Andalusian music is confined to the big cities of the North of the country. This music is an elitist musical genre, often reserved for celebrations of the notables. The repertoire of musicians, dressed in white djellabas, consists of several noubas, kinds of instrumental and vocal suites. Each piece is conducted by a soloist and performed, with vocal support, by the entire orchestra.
Other musical styles
Moroccan music has been enriched by other musical traditions. Melhoun is derived from Andalusian music, but it is a more popular genre, which gives more space to the solo singer. For its part, Gnawa music is practiced by a religious brotherhood. The dancers, who are accompanied by a kind of castanet (the crakeb), perform impressive acrobatic figures. Born in Algeria and inspired by the Moroccan melhoun, rai has developed in Morocco, becoming the most popular musical form, especially among young people. Each year, this music is honored at the international rai festival, which is held in Oujda, Morocco.