The Legendary Koubba (Dome) of the Almoravids in Marrakech, Morocco
The Almoravid Koubba was built in the 11th century as a house and a source of water for the faithful of the Ben Youssef mosque. One of the most important monuments of Marrakech, which reflects the culture of the Almoravids dynasty, where the solid construction has not changed over time and fluctuations, in addition to the technology for conveying water from Underground channel system through which water passes through the bronze pipes. This dome located on the Ben Youssef square, in front of the mosque of the same name, and the medersa ben youssef is the only witness of the religious architecture of Almoravid in Marrakech.
This building was discovered during archaeological excavations carried out on the site by researchers Munyi and Terrace in 1948. The excavations showed that this dome was part of the mosque of Prince Almoravid mosque Ali ben youssef, which was demolished as a result of the fall of the city into the hands of the Almohads in 1130. The inscription in Kufic script, which decorates the base of the dome, allows, although distorted, to read the name of Sultan Ali Ibn Yusuf. Confirm its construction during the reign of the Almoravids.
The building consists of a rectangular design centered on the side columns and surmounted by a cupola adorned with carved arches surmounted by decal frames framing a seven-sided star. These decorations are similar to those of the mosque of the villagers of Fez (859 AH / 1135) and the cupola of the city of Sousse (11th-12th centuries).
Despite the lack of religious buildings dating from the Almoravid period in Morocco, which embody mutual influences, this building is part of the traditions of engineering of Cordoba, which prevailed at the time Morocco-Andalusian in Marrakech, Fes, Tlemcen and in Algeria.